京黒紋付染 京都黒染工業協同組合

* 1
  1. 家紋「龍の丸」。


Kyo-kuromontsukizome is a dyed black fabric typical of Kyoto which is used to create formal and ceremonial costumes, including the elegant black tomesode for women and the men’s haori hakama with its family crest. The origins of this fabric date to the middle Heian period (10th century) and its use was fully established during the Azuchi-Momoyama period (17th century). Starting in the middle of the Edo period (18th century), samurai began to wear kuromontsukizome, and since the Meiji period (19th century), the crested haori hakama has been established as the national formal wear. Benishita-guro or aishita-guro are two kinds of dye used in a preliminary dyeing process which produces a "blacker than black" result. This effect is obtained by dyeing the fabric first in red or blue before finishing with black dye, creating a jet black with an extra depth of color. In addition, family crests (kamon) are printed by hand or pattern-printed on three to five areas left white in the dyeing process. It is said that there are about 25,000 types of family crests, but about 4000 types are generally used today. Today, smaller items are also being produced using part of these traditional techniques.

* 2
  1. : 黒染めした正絹の膝掛け。

(1,2 すべて馬場染工業株式会社)

1: "Ryūnomaru" family crest. 2: Black-dyed silk rug. (1,2 Banba Senkōgyō)